A l’occasion de la Journée Mondiale des Réfugiés, Gloria Ihirwe Ntakirutinka, jeune réfugiée rwandaise poursuivant des études supérieures au Sénégal, fait part de son expérience et de son combat en faveur de l’accès à l’enseignement supérieur pour les réfugié(e)s. 

Pouvez-vous vous présenter brièvement ? Pourquoi avez-vous décidé de militer en  faveur de l’éducation des réfugiés ?

Je me nomme Ihirwe, j'ai 21 ans et je suis étudiante en troisième année de droit public. J’ai  grandi dans une famille qui a trouvé refuge dans un pays d’Afrique de l’Ouest après avoir fui le génocide rwandais. Ce pays –le Togo – fut celui qui me vit grandir. En grandissant je voyais mes parents - surtout ma mère - qui travaillaient très dur pour subvenir à nos besoins. Devenue plus grande, comprenant mon statut de réfugiée et la situation de ma famille qui avait tout perdu, je compris qu’une seule chose pouvait m’aider à atteindre mes objectifs : l’éducation. 

Quel a été votre parcours afin de poursuivre vos études dans l’enseignement supérieur ?

Après l’obtention du baccalauréat, j’étais désemparée car je savais que mes parents ne seraient pas en mesure de payer mes études supérieures qui s’avéraient très chères. Quelle ne fut pas ma joie lorsque je fus sélectionnée, après avoir déposé une candidature à une bourse d’excellence du Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les Réfugiés me permettant de poursuivre mes études pour la durée d’une licence au Sénégal. Alors que je suis en train d’effectuer ma dernière année de licence, je continue de rechercher une bourse pour effectuer un master l’année prochaine car la bourse dont je bénéficie actuellement ne prend pas en charge les études de second cycle. 

Quelles sont les difficultés auxquelles vous avez été et êtes confrontée en tant que réfugiée, pour accéder à des études supérieures?

Trouver une bourse n’est pas facile la plupart du temps car dans nos pays d'asile, nous n'avons pas accès aux bourses des nationaux alors que normalement nous devrions être traités comme des nationaux. Par ailleurs, l’accès à des bourses étrangères peut s’avérer difficile à cause de nos titres de voyage qui parfois paralysent l'avancée du dossier. Sans bourse, faute de moyens financiers de nos familles, il est très difficile d’accéder à l’enseignement supérieur. 

Que signifie pouvoir accéder à l’enseignement supérieur pour un(e) jeune réfugié(e) ?

Parfois, les réfugiés sont victimes de xénophobie car ils sont perçus comme des personnes incapables qui vivent aux crochets de la société. Or, à travers l’accès à l’éducation, c’est précisément notre autonomie, notamment financière, que nous recherchons car nous voulons sortir nos familles de la misère et être de vraies aides pour nos parents qui se sont donnés corps et âmes pour nous offrir un futur. 

Quel message souhaitez-vous délivrer à ce sujet en cette journée mondiale consacrée aux réfugiés ?

Je dirais que la plus belle chose à offrir à toute personne est l’éducation, mais pour des personnes qui ont tout perdu, c’est plus que cela, c’est leur offrir l' opportunité de bâtir leur vie, l'éducation est comme une main forte ou encore une voix rassurante qui te murmure à l'oreille que « tout peut être reconstruit en partant de rien » et cela te pousse à espérer que tout ira pour le mieux. 

Le système semble parfois oublier les jeunes refugiés, filles comme garçons, qui luttent pour construire une vie, pour eux-mêmes, pour leurs familles et pour l’ensemble de la communauté. Nous aimerions avoir les mêmes chances d'accès à l’éducation que les nationaux , nous  aimerons aussi une reconnaissance de nos titres de voyage car parfois même avec un bon dossier, on se voit refuser un visa. 

« A défaut d’éducation et de qualifications nous permettant de bâtir notre futur, nous sommes condamnés à espérer l’aide de la communauté. Or, si l’on avait eu en temps voulu, l’opportunité d’étudier comme les autres, nous pourrions changer le monde, c’est à dire nous-même, nos familles, la communauté et apporter notre pierre à l’édifice », voilà ce que dirait cette jeunesse laissée sur le bord de la route et qui se retrouvera contre son gré à la charge de tous, si rien ne change.

Manning was named National Teacher of the Year in the United States. She has taught English and math at the Newcomer Center at Joel E. Ferris High School in Spokane, Washington, for seven years, and her refugee students come from countries all over the world, including Syria, Mexico, and Sudan. While her students don’t often feel safe in the current political climate, Manning has helped transform her school by providing a welcoming and supportive environment. Manning is an active member of her local and state union and serves on the executive committee of the Washington Education Association. Here come a few highlights from her conversation with National Education Association President Lily Eskelsen García on 11 June 2018 [1].

"I’ve learned how to be fearless from my students. I teach immigrant refugee students. My students have gone through unspeakable circumstances to come to the United States, a nation that gives them hope to be someone. I watch their innate hopefulness and fearlessness in coming into this new community, a community that in many ways has not welcomed them. They come to school everyday; they’re focused, they’re dedicated, they’re committed to their dreams, and becoming productive members of society and citizens. So, all I have to do is look at them, and they teach me how to be fearless.

Our current administration has not been welcoming to my students, and I wanted to ensure my students that I was [meeting Trump at the White House] for them. There was a question: Should I go? And they all said, unanimously, “Yes. Because he needs to know about us.” And so we sat down and we had the students write letters about their journeys to the United States and what it meant to them: their dreams and hopes, and how they want to give back to the United States. There was also advice for our current president on how he can help improve their lives in the United States, like using supportive language that doesn’t diminish them as whole groups of people. (…)

Everytime educators leave the classroom in order to advocate collectively, our love for our students is used against us. Sometimes, we have to leave the classroom to get the things we need for our kids, because at the heart of every teacher is our students. At the heart of every decision is what our students need. It’s very comfortable to be in our classrooms. But, (…) ‘Life happens outside your comfort zone.’ We have to be willing to get uncomfortable and face some of that negative messaging that we might receive in order to really make deep impacts on what we know is best for kids.

If the decisions that are being made are negatively impacting our kids, we cannot sit idly by, even if it means we’re going to face challenges in the community. Because ultimately, if students truly make up the foundation of our arguments about why we are outside the classroom advocating, no one can argue with us."

[1] The full video of the Facebook live is available here.

The conference “Esperienze e proposte per l’apprendimento dell’Italiano L2 nelle classi multilingue e multiculturali” held in Castellammare del Golfo on 30 may 2018 brought together 80 participants to discuss experiences and proposals on ways to improve education for newcomers, with a focus on teaching Italian as a second language in a multilingual and multicultural context.

In particular, the outcomes and deliverables (online language courses) of the project “Una lingua per il lavoro” carried out with financial support from the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF 2014-2020) were presented. Through this project, Trapani’s Adult Learning Center joined forces with local partners (Istituto Comprensivo S. Bagolino and two associations), to develop specialized language training courses associated with introductory vocational training modules, building upon activities initiated in 2016-17 with support from Education International and IRASE-UIL Scuola. 

Representatives from the university Ca’ Foscari of Venezia and the University of Palermo confronted their experiences with regards to reaching out to female migrants and developing language training modules in migrants’ mother tongues. 

Sonia Grigt, author of “The Journey of Hope: Education for refugee and unaccompanied children in Italy”, presented the outcomes and recommendations formulated by Education International on refugees’ education both at national and European levels, building upon the activities carried out with affiliates throughout Europe and Italy since 2016. She insisted in particular on the different aspects of inclusion in education and measures needed beyond intensive language courses, the necessity to coordinate amongst the various concerned actors in the field (local authorities, accommodation centres, etc.), to disseminate and sistematise good practices developed locally and finally, to design sustainable and predictable funding mechanisms for schools and educational institutions in order to be able to develop comprehensive and long-term integration strategies. Copies of the EI report were handed over to key stakeholders participating in the event.

 

 

Mandy Manning, an English and math teacher and a member of the NEA, serving on the executive committee of the Spokane Education Association, was named the 2018 National Teacher of the Year by the Council of Chief School State Officers (CCSSO) in the USA.

She has been teaching at the Newcomer Center at Joel E. Ferris High School for seven years where students come from a variety of regions and countries: Syria, Chuuk, Iraq, Afghanistan, Guatemala, Myanmar, Sudan, Mexico, and Tanzania. Her approach to teaching newcomers goes far beyond students’ academic success. Considering the hostile political climate and the fear and anxiety that newly arrived students may experience as a result, she stresses the importance of “helping them understand current events, know their rights, and providing a safe and welcoming environment”. According to the executive director of CCSSO, Mandy Manning embodies the “dedication and spirit (…) that every student in this country deserves”.

Building upon teaching experiences in different countries around the world, Mandy Manning privileges a global perspective in her teaching and a student-centered approach. During this year, she wants to “engage the nation in a conversation about how we can encourage students to experience things outside of their understanding” and “inspire educators and students to see potential in every voice and opportunity in every classroom.”

Mandy Manning is also deeply involved in her local and state union. National Education Association President Lily Eskelsen García called her “a shining example of how teachers transform the lives of their students every day, engaging them and creating enthusiasm for learning…. Mandy sees no barriers—only bridges.”

Source: http://neatoday.org/2018/04/23/2018-national-teacher-of-the-year-mandy-manning/?utm_source=nea_today_express&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=180502neatodayexpress&utm_content=ntoy

 

Liberia’s request for Nigerian teachers under the Technical Assistance Corps agreement has been met with condemnation of the Nigerian authorities by education unions, arguing that Nigeria itself is struggling to deliver quality education.

Nigerian education unions have highlighted their country’s shortage of teachers and struggle to ensure quality education. The reaction was prompted by a request for over 6,000 teachers from the newly inaugurated President of Liberia, George Weah, during a courtesy visit to Nigeria’s President, Muhammadu Buhari. Weah said the issues inherited by his government could only be tackled with assistance from countries like Nigeria.

The Liberian president identified youth unemployment and the need to revive the education, agriculture, mining and health sectors as some of the urgent problems facing his country. He told his Nigerian counterpart that “your sustained technical assistance for capacity building in these sectors is most welcome.

More specifically, under the Bilateral Teacher Exchange programme, we are seeking 6,000 more teachers to make up for the shortage of good teachers in our educational system.”

NUT: Address issues at home 

The Nigeria Union of Teachers (NUT) insisted that “the country does not have enough teachers to go around and the union has still not come to an agreement with the government over the issue of salaries”.

In fact, Nigeria still needs to find a solution concerning 25,000 teachers in Kaduna, in North-West Nigeria, who were fired because they could not pass tests the government forced them to take, said Kalaama Toinpre, Chairman of the Bayelsa State NUT branch. 

The Nigerian government should employ quality teachers in schools without such teachers, take adequate care of its teachers, and tackle the myriad of problems undermining the education sector, instead of sending Nigerian teachers work abroad, he added.

“Our schools are suffering; even some subjects do not have teachers. The country cannot take adequate care of its teachers and they are talking about sending them abroad to teach,” he said.